Understanding Diabetes

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is life threatening condition that occurs when the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high. If left untreated, high blood glucose levels can cause health complications.       

Let Me Explain It Based On Nutrition How Food We Eat Can Cause Type 2 Diabetes. Let's Start With Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes- Is genetic/hereditary runs in the family. Sufferers can't make their own insulin, instead the pancreas make the adjustment by changing blood sugar level. The exact cause of Type 1 is unknown, however it happens when the body's own immune system (fights bacteria/viruses) mistakenly attack insulin cells in the pancreas. Sufferers need insulin injection to treat and manage condition.

Type 2 Diabetes- Is caused by lifestyle choices which could have been avoided. Good news is it can be reversed with a regular well balanced diet and weight management. Type 2 can develop at any age. It is fast rising in overweight children.

 

 

  

What Is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which regulates amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is derived from foods with carbohydrates( garri, pounded yam, potatoes, plantain, rice, fruit, bread etcs) you eat for energy.

Without insulin cells cannot absorb energy (sugar/glucose) to produce energy. If you don't have enough energy , you feel weak. Insulin prevents your blood sugar level getting too high (hyperglycemia) meaning you have high sugar level in your blood. When your blood sugar level too low it is hypoglycemia and can be dangerous - a silent killer!  

Your blood sugar is considered low when it drops to 70mg/dL. It is about creating a balance between high blood sugar and low blood sugar. 

 

Causes Of High Blood Sugar (hyperglycemia)

  • Excessive eating
  • pregnancy
  • hormonal changes
  • stress
  • insufficient insulin

Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar (hypoglycemia)

  • tiredness
  • nervousness
  • sudden mood changes 
  • rapid heartbeat
  • dizziness
  • difficulty sleeping
  • hunger
  • lack of concentration
  • headache. At worst it can lead to fainting, seizure and coma.

How To Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

The answer is regular healthy balanced diet should be a lifestyle choice. Remember as said earlier, it can be reversed if sufferers adapt to a healthy diet and regular exercise. 

  • avoid processed food
  • exercise regularly
  • limit alcohol
  • control blood pressure
  • measure your waistline- ideally, it shouldn't exceed 32inches. Hmmmm.....mine is 34 inches ....guiltyWild. When was the last time you measure your waistline?

Foods That Can Balance Your Blood Sugar

  • beans (not palm oil drenched ewa agonyin)    
  • pumpkin seeds
  • yogurt (low fat, sugarless) 
  • apple- I know what you're thinking...because fruit has sugar content but apple contain a plant pigment quercetin secretes insulin that helps regulate blood sugar level.EAT MORE APPLE!
  • sufferers should eat more plantain fufu, limit pounded yam and avoid high starchy carbohydrates like eba/garri/amala

Avoid  

  • fast food cook healthy meals at home  
  • sugary juices- fanta, coke, cola, maltex, malta,
  • fizzy drink
  • alcohol drink  

 

For More Information, please click below: 

www.diabetes.org.uk